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Thread: Troubleshooting Wireless Drivers

  1. #131
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    Join Date
    Jun 2017
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    1
    Quote Originally Posted by victorgonal View Post
    Hello, I have a VM (Virtualbox) install of 64 bit Linux kali 4.9.0-kali3-amd64. Recently I bought a TP-LINK TL-WN722N and when I installed it, it showed as a Realtek chipset (it doesn't show as Atheros, which is what I read it should) and I am having some trouble getting it to run properly on Kali Linux. I installed it in an Ubuntu machine, and also in the Host machine (Windows 10) and it works fine in both instances.

    Below is some output of a few commands:

    iwconfig

    Code:
    root@kali:~# iwconfig
    eth1      no wireless extensions.
    
    lo        no wireless extensions.
    
    eth0      no wireless extensions.


    ifconfig


    Code:
    eth0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
            inet 10.0.2.15  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 10.0.2.255
            inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe27:6d4  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
            ether 08:00:27:27:06:d4  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
            RX packets 13246  bytes 12272521 (11.7 MiB)
            RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
            TX packets 5316  bytes 404986 (395.4 KiB)
            TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
    
    eth1: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
            ether 08:00:27:36:07:8e  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
            RX packets 26  bytes 3796 (3.7 KiB)
            RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
            TX packets 18  bytes 1860 (1.8 KiB)
            TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
    
    lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536
            inet 127.0.0.1  netmask 255.0.0.0
            inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>
            loop  txqueuelen 1  (Local Loopback)
            RX packets 868  bytes 67932 (66.3 KiB)
            RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
            TX packets 868  bytes 67932 (66.3 KiB)
            TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
    When I check in the USB devices of the VMWare, it shows as Realtek 802.11n NIC, but when I do lsusb it displays no info or the vendor at all:


    Code:
    root@kali:~# lsusb
    Bus 001 Device 002: ID 2357:010c  
    Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
    Bus 002 Device 002: ID 80ee:0021 VirtualBox USB Tablet
    Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub

    I tried:
    • Making sure it's uninstalled in the host machine
    • Installing the compat-drivers
    • Once compat-drivers are installed, I can see wlan0 and wlan1, but neither of those can do anything, they don't detect networks or send/receive any traffic at all.
    • Reinstalling in the host machine the latest drivers
    • Connecting the USB to other slot
    • Verifying that the USB is set up (filtered) as USB 2.0 in the Virtualbox settings
    • Changing the filter to USB 3.0


    The machine I'm using is a Dell XPS15.

    Thank you for any help, it is greatly appreciated.
    TP-LINK TL-WN722N V1 - Atheros
    TP-LINK TL-WN722N V2 - Relatek

    Unfortunately tp-link used to use different chipsets between 2 versions of same card...

    I had same issue and I solved it by porting official TP-link driver to work with kernel 4.9.

    You can obtain fixed driver from:
    https://github.com/mfruba/kernel/tre...2N_v2.0-Ralink

  2. #132
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Mar 2016
    Posts
    6
    Hello all,
    I just got a TP Link TL-WN722N Wireless card earlier today, and have been trying to get it to work for the past 5 days. I've done a ton of research, and am absolutely tearing my hair out trying to solve this supposedly simple problem. From what I have read, the chipset driver is already included in the kernel and shouldn't need to be downloaded. However, when I run "ifconfig" or "iwconfig" I only get my 3 standard devices: lo, wlan0 and eth0. It should be showing up as wlan1, but nothing. I am testing it in a functioning USB port, and have tested the adapter on my Windows computer with success. I know it isn't detected because the green light inside the adapter that blinks when a machine detects it has been silent while it is in my Kali machine.

    I was able to download the drivers for the adapter from TP-link's website, but I don't know how to build it. There is no tar.gz, no .exe, and no files with endings other than a wpa_0_8.conf. Everything else has no file type. There is a Makefile, but I don't know how to use it. ./configure, sudo make and sudo make install just return errors. I think the drivers are probably installed, but I'm not sure.

    lsusb shows a device that I have identified as the wireless card, but there is no comment/information text that follows the bus and device id. Running "dmesg | tail" shows me that the usb device is connected, and tells me that it is a Realtek card. Again, there is no output in iwconfig.

    I would greatly appreciate some help with this issue. If you need any more information, please let me know and I would be happy to supply it so that I can solve this.
    Thanks,
    u/GarrukApex
    Last edited by GarrukApex; 2017-06-22 at 03:31 PM.

  3. #133
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    Join Date
    Jun 2017
    Posts
    3

    Ralink Technology, Corp. MT7601U Wireless Adapter not working

    Hi, I'm a newbie to linux. I have installed Kali Linux on virtualbox on a windows 10 host machine. So, I bought this Ralink Technology, Corp. MT7601U chipset wireless usb adapter and it doesnt seem to be working well. Details: -
    uname -r
    Code:
    4.9.0-kali4-amd64
    lsusb
    Code:
    Bus 001 Device 002: ID 148f:7601 Ralink Technology, Corp. MT7601U Wireless Adapter
    Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
    Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub
    lsmod
    Code:
    Module Size Used by
    mt7601u 102400 0
    mac80211 671744 1 mt7601u
    cfg80211 589824 2 mac80211,mt7601u
    fuse 98304 3
    nfnetlink_queue 24576 0
    nfnetlink_log 20480 0
    nfnetlink 16384 2 nfnetlink_log,nfnetlink_queue
    bluetooth 552960 0
    rfkill 24576 4 bluetooth,cfg80211
    vboxsf 45056 1
    vboxvideo 53248 3
    vboxguest 286720 8 vboxsf,vboxvideo
    snd_intel8x0 40960 2
    iTCO_wdt 16384 0
    snd_ac97_codec 126976 1 snd_intel8x0
    iTCO_vendor_support 16384 1 iTCO_wdt
    ac97_bus 16384 1 snd_ac97_codec
    ppdev 20480 0
    intel_rapl_perf 16384 0
    snd_pcm 110592 2 snd_ac97_codec,snd_intel8x0
    evdev 24576 15
    pcspkr 16384 0
    serio_raw 16384 0
    snd_timer 32768 1 snd_pcm
    snd 86016 8 snd_ac97_codec,snd_timer,snd_intel8x0,snd_pcm
    lpc_ich 24576 0
    parport_pc 28672 0
    mfd_core 16384 1 lpc_ich
    soundcore 16384 1 snd
    sg 32768 0
    ttm 98304 1 vboxvideo
    parport 49152 2 parport_pc,ppdev
    drm_kms_helper 155648 1 vboxvideo
    battery 20480 0
    ac 16384 0
    rng_core 16384 0
    drm 360448 6 vboxvideo,ttm,drm_kms_helper
    video 40960 0
    button 16384 0
    acpi_cpufreq 20480 0
    binfmt_misc 20480 1
    ip_tables 24576 0
    x_tables 36864 1 ip_tables
    autofs4 40960 2
    ext4 585728 1
    crc16 16384 2 bluetooth,ext4
    jbd2 106496 1 ext4
    crc32c_generic 16384 0
    fscrypto 28672 1 ext4
    ecb 16384 0
    mbcache 16384 2 ext4
    sr_mod 24576 0
    cdrom 61440 1 sr_mod
    sd_mod 45056 3
    ata_generic 16384 0
    ohci_pci 16384 0
    crct10dif_pclmul 16384 0
    crc32_pclmul 16384 0
    crc32c_intel 24576 2
    ghash_clmulni_intel 16384 0
    virtio_net 28672 0
    aesni_intel 167936 0
    aes_x86_64 20480 1 aesni_intel
    lrw 16384 1 aesni_intel
    gf128mul 16384 1 lrw
    glue_helper 16384 1 aesni_intel
    ablk_helper 16384 1 aesni_intel
    cryptd 24576 3 ablk_helper,ghash_clmulni_intel,aesni_intel
    ohci_hcd 53248 1 ohci_pci
    ehci_pci 16384 0
    ehci_hcd 81920 1 ehci_pci
    psmouse 135168 0
    ata_piix 36864 0
    ahci 36864 2
    usbcore 249856 5 mt7601u,ehci_hcd,ohci_pci,ohci_hcd,ehci_pci
    libahci 32768 1 ahci
    usb_common 16384 1 usbcore
    virtio_pci 24576 0
    virtio_ring 24576 2 virtio_net,virtio_pci
    virtio 16384 2 virtio_net,virtio_pci
    i2c_piix4 24576 0
    libata 249856 4 ahci,ata_piix,libahci,ata_generic
    scsi_mod 225280 4 sd_mod,libata,sr_mod,sg
    dmesg|grep 7601
    Code:
    [  563.416832] usb 1-1: New USB device found, idVendor=148f, idProduct=7601
    [  564.333104] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: ASIC revision: 76010001 MAC revision: 76010500
    [  564.419351] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: firmware: direct-loading firmware mt7601u.bin
    [  564.419370] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Firmware Version: 0.1.00 Build: 7640 Build time: 201302052146____
    [  567.979134] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  571.304372] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  574.694433] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  577.993564] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  581.320345] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  584.641453] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  588.007887] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  591.294394] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  594.654008] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  598.010915] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  601.305165] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    [  604.663621] mt7601u 1-1:1.0: Vendor request req:07 off:0730 failed:-110
    I have already used this chip with my host to test whether the hardware was faulty or not. It worked great on my host machine for endless time.
    The problem I face is that when i plug it in, it works fine for like 5 minutes and then the it stops working at all. Replugging doesn't help, I can use it again for 5 minutes again after I reboot.
    I would be glad if someone could help me out please!!!

  4. #134
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Jun 2017
    Posts
    3
    It has a realtek rtl8188eus chipset. Try instructions on this website https://l33ttutorials.wordpress.com/...-kali-linux-2/. It worked for me.
    P.S. it doesnt support monitor mode.

  5. #135
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Jun 2017
    Posts
    3
    make[1]: *** /lib/modules/4.0.0-kali1-amd64/build: No such file or directory. Stop.
    Try making this directory if you are using kali live
    Code:
    mkdir /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/build -f
    Most probably it should exist if you are using installed version of kali linux.
    Run this if you are using installed kali
    Code:
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
    reboot
    sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
    reboot

  6. #136
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Jun 2017
    Posts
    1
    Quote Originally Posted by GarrukApex View Post
    Hello all,
    I just got a TP Link TL-WN722N Wireless card earlier today, and have been trying to get it to work for the past 5 days. I've done a ton of research, and am absolutely tearing my hair out trying to solve this supposedly simple problem. From what I have read, the chipset driver is already included in the kernel and shouldn't need to be downloaded. However, when I run "ifconfig" or "iwconfig" I only get my 3 standard devices: lo, wlan0 and eth0. It should be showing up as wlan1, but nothing. I am testing it in a functioning USB port, and have tested the adapter on my Windows computer with success. I know it isn't detected because the green light inside the adapter that blinks when a machine detects it has been silent while it is in my Kali machine.

    I was able to download the drivers for the adapter from TP-link's website, but I don't know how to build it. There is no tar.gz, no .exe, and no files with endings other than a wpa_0_8.conf. Everything else has no file type. There is a Makefile, but I don't know how to use it. ./configure, sudo make and sudo make install just return errors. I think the drivers are probably installed, but I'm not sure.

    lsusb shows a device that I have identified as the wireless card, but there is no comment/information text that follows the bus and device id. Running "dmesg | tail" shows me that the usb device is connected, and tells me that it is a Realtek card. Again, there is no output in iwconfig.

    I would greatly appreciate some help with this issue. If you need any more information, please let me know and I would be happy to supply it so that I can solve this.
    Thanks,
    u/GarrukApex
    Just spent 3 days trying to get this dongle to work. There were a ton of different ideas most of which didn't work.

    I ended up installing Manges driver which almost worked - was able to connect to wireless and use network but both airmon-ng start wlan0 and ifconfig down, iwconfig wlan0 mode monitor failed to work.

    Tried jeremyb31 and the cu driver as well which also failed.

    Odd thing was while my dongle was connected and working airmon-ng was listing it as Phy Null and Driver ??????.

    I took the dongle outside and smashed it with a hammer and ordered the 722N which I know works. I shouldn't have done that to the dongle because it works perfectly in Windows. Not sure why we have 1980s themed problems like this in 2017 operating systems but it is what it is.

  7. #137
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Jul 2017
    Posts
    1
    mfruba, the only way I could get your 20150417 driver to work(4.4 won't build) under kali 4.9 is to first install lwfinger driver then your 20150417 driver. Also, TL-WN722N v2 Realtek green light does not work when running; airodump-ng was collecting but no light on usb device. Can you please provide details instructions?

  8. #138
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Sep 2017
    Posts
    1
    Hi, I have a AWUS051nh v2, with a Ralink RT3572 chipset
    When I fresh install Kali linux 2017.1 it works like a charm, but when I dist-upgraded to 4.12.0-kali1-amd64 it stated showing a weak wireless signal (it has less than half the bars and I am 1 meter away from the router), also it used to show like 30 Access point, and now its down to 5 or 6.
    I'm using 2800usb drivers, as I was when I first installed it.

    I did reinstall the firmware and tried to reinstall the driver, but I'm kinda new to linux (and pen-testing as well).

    Code:
    uname -a
    Linux Satelite 4.12.0-kali1-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.12.6-1kali6 (2017-08-30) x86_64 GNU/Linux
    Code:
    airmon-ng --verbose
    
    Distributor ID:	Kali
    Description:	Kali GNU/Linux Rolling
    Release:	kali-rolling
    Codename:	kali-rolling
    
    Linux Satelite 4.12.0-kali1-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.12.6-1kali6 (2017-08-30) x86_64 GNU/Linux
    
    K indicates driver is from 4.12.0-kali1-amd64
    V indicates driver comes directly from the vendor, almost certainly a bad thing
    S indicates driver comes from the staging tree, these drivers are meant for reference not actual use, BEWARE
    ? indicates we do not know where the driver comes from... report this
    
    
    X[PHY]Interface		Driver[Stack]-FirmwareRev		Chipset										Extended Info
    
    K[phy0]wlan0		iwlwifi[mac80211]-29.541020.0	Intel Corporation Wireless 7265 (rev 61)
    K[phy2]wlan1mon		rt2800usb[mac80211]-0.36		Ralink Technology, Corp. RT3572
    Code:
    00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series SoC Transaction Register (rev 35)
    00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Integrated Graphics Controller (rev 35)
    00:0b.0 Signal processing controller: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series Power Management Controller (rev 35)
    00:14.0 USB controller: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series USB xHCI Controller (rev 35)
    00:1a.0 Encryption controller: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series Trusted Execution Engine (rev 35)
    00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series High Definition Audio Controller (rev 35)
    00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series PCI Express Port #1 (rev 35)
    00:1c.3 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series PCI Express Port #4 (rev 35)
    00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series PCU (rev 35)
    00:1f.3 SMBus: Intel Corporation Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx SMBus Controller (rev 35)
    01:00.0 Unassigned class [ff00]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTS5229 PCI Express Card Reader (rev 01)
    02:00.0 Network controller: Intel Corporation Wireless 7265 (rev 61)
    Code:
    wlan1     IEEE 802.11  ESSID:off/any  
              Mode:Managed  Access Point: Not-Associated   Tx-Power=20 dBm   
              Retry short  long limit:2   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
              Encryption key:off
              Power Management:off

  9. #139
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2018
    Posts
    1
    I flashed Kali on a Oneplus One Android phone running lineageos, and I'm trying to get Kali to recognize the TL-WN722N version 2. Before trying to use this adapter on the phone, I was using it on a laptop running Galliumos linux. I installed the driver for the adapter using these commands

    Code:
    sudo apt install git dkms git make build-essential
    cd /usr/src
    sudo git clone https://github.com/lwfinger/rtl8188eu.git
    sudo dkms add ./rtl8188eu
    sudo dkms build 8188eu/1.0
    sudo dkms install 8188eu/1.0
    sudo modprobe 8188eu
    so I tried using the same commands in kali to install the driver on the Oneplus One.
    Kali executed the first four commands, but when I typed
    Code:
    dkms build 8188eu/1.0
    I got an error:

    Code:
    root@kali:/usr/src# dkms build 8188eu/1.0
    Error! echo
    Your kernel headers for kernel 3.4.112-lineageos-g70467aa5 cannot be found at
    /lib/modules/3.4.112-lineageos-g70467aa5/build or /lib/modules/3.4.112-lineageos-g70467aa5/source.
    root@kali:/usr/src#
    Is there a solution for this?

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