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  1. #1
    Join Date
    2016-Oct
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    1

    Post Kali Linux Microsoft Surface Pro 4

    Hello,
    I opened this post to talk about all news, guides and tips about installing and running Kali Linux on the Surface Pro 4.
    I have the following problems:
    - Kali Installation don't support EFI Boot, how i can solve this?
    - How I can make drivers work in my surface? I know only this kernel https://launchpad.net/~tigerite/+archive/ubuntu/kernel/ that I use in Ubuntu that fix keyboard and some more thngs
    Hope someone more experienced can help me and future pentester with a Surface device.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    2016-Oct
    Posts
    1
    Hi! that an interesting post!!

    I am trying to install kali 2016.2 in the MICROSD of the surface pro 4 .

    I resolved a lot of problems, like adding " firmware-libertas_0.43_all.deb " to the firmware folder of the installation to make the wifi works during installation.

    Ok I am newbie as you can see...

    I realized complete installation very well but I have problems when I am trying to boot from microSD (thats like and another USB /dev/sda).

    I think its a problem with the EFI partition or GRUB configuration.

    Can you send me a copy of your boot directory and efi partition folder that is working and actually can boot?

    Thank you!!
    Last edited by tal0n; 2016-10-02 at 21:03.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    2017-Jul
    Location
    Vienna
    Posts
    5

    Persistent kali with Type Cover support on SP4

    Hi.

    I fiddled around with kali on my Surface pro 4 the last 2 days and I have it aaaalmost where i need it:
    - Kali 2017 from USB with EFI boot working
    - Persistence working
    - Type Cover working

    Since i plan to use it for teaching wifi security, I also need a monitor-mode capable wifi card/driver. I think the integrated just does not do it.
    I'll just update this post step by step, since it might grow large.

    My goals:
    - Boot Kali from USB with persistence, and leave the rest (Windows installation, microSD) clean.
    - Use my type cover for input (I need the USB port for my USB thumb drive)
    - Use monitor mode with the integrated Marvell Avastar 88W8897 802.11ac -- not working yet (and never might be)
    - Be able to update the kali kernel.

    Step 1: Disable SP4 Secure boot
    Before I could even try to EFI boot, I had to disable secure boot in the SP4 Bios. If you don't do that and try to boot the kernel, you'll either end up with a yellow cursor or a message like "kernel signature verification failed" in your grub.
    !!!Take care. If you do that, your Windows installation will notice the changed boot properties and start Bitlocker Key recovery!!! I had to look up my unlock code on my oneDrive account.
    - If you are sure you want it, shut down your SP4, hold Vol+ and press the Power butten. This will enter the SP4 management interface ("Bios"). Here turn of secure boot. I also changed the boot order so that USB boot is on top. This way, when i plug in the USB stick, it boots from USB and Windows otherwise. Convenient.
    - You may notice the Red Lock on top when booting now. Don't be alarmed, thats just the Microsoft way of assuring that you did something geeky (disable secure boot).

    Step 2: Install kali with EFI
    I essentially followed the steps depicted in this article.
    However, some parts did not work, here is what I had to do:
    - Download the latest Kali iso (I used kali-linux-2017.1-amd64.iso)
    - Create bootable USB medium with this iso. I used Lili USB creator on Windows to do that.
    - I prepared my 32 GB USB Stick with 3GB for the Image itself (FAT32), 12 GB ext4 (formated later with kali and gparted in live mode) for persistence and the rest with ntfs to exchange Data with Windows.
    - After Lili is done, go to your ISOfied drive in Windows and look up \EFI\BOOT\. Put grub.cfg from the link above there.
    - Download grubx64.efi and BOOTX64.efi there as well. I got it from here: Fedora 26 - gd.tuwien.ac.at, but you can essentially use ressources from different distributions.
    - Now your Thumb drive should contain at least three files in /EFI/BOOT of your live USB stick.
    - Thats it, shut down your SP4 again, and while starting up, this time hold the VOL- Button (if you did not change the boot order).
    - Kali should come right up.

    Step 3: Kali persistence
    - Kali persistence is straight forward and can be done like described by the Kali tutorials. I used the beforementioned spare space of 12 GB on my drive, created an ext4 Filesystem there, and put the persistence.conf there.
    - Reboot. At the grub menu, choose persistence mode now (second option).
    - After boot, go to a terminal and type df. if you see two partitions mounted from your USB drive likethis you're fine:

    Code:
    root@kali:~# df
    /dev/sda1        3063808  2807472    256336  92% /lib/live/mount/persistence/sda1
    /dev/sda2       12030584  4925656   6517732  44% /lib/live/mount/persistence/sda2
    overlay         12030584  4925656   6517732  44% /
    /dev/sda3       14669820    84208  14585612   1% /media/root/Kali Data
    - If you want, edit your grub.conf and switch from option 0 to option 1, so persistence mode is always selected when you boot kali. You'll need this once the type cover is working anyway, otherwise you boot to kali without a keyboard.

    Step 4: type Cover support
    The type cover is recognized automatically but not as a HID device. You can test this by doing a dmesg before and after you connect the type cover.
    Unfortunately you need a kernel patch to get it recognized anyway.
    Fortunately, Kernel 4.10 and above already have that patch included.
    Unfortunately, Kali 2017.1 is running kernel 4.9 .
    Fortunately, you can upgrade it with apt-get dist-upgrade.
    Unfortunately, you can't do that on a live medium because the kernel is on the non-writeable FAT32 partition and not in the persistence section.
    Fortunately, you can do it anyway:
    - run
    Code:
    root@kali:~# uname -a
    Linux kali 4.9.0-kali3-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.9.18-2kali1
    . it tells you which kernel you are running (mine was 4.9.18)
    - If you have persistence up and running, do:
    Code:
    apt-get update
    apt-get upgrade
    apt-get dist-upgrade
    - it says that it cannot run initramfs on a live medium. Thats ok.
    - After the upgrade do a
    Code:
     dpkg -l | grep linux-image
    . That shows you which kernels were installed. Mine was 4.9.30. Copy the name (Like linux-image-4.9.0-kali4-amd64)
    - Waaaat? you say? Type Cover was included in 4.10!! no, apparently its also included in 4.9.30
    - Now you need to run
    Code:
    /usr/sbin/update-initramfs.orig.initramfs-tools -c -k 4.9.0-kali4-amd64
    This will create the new kernel
    - Go to /boot/
    - Copy the newly generated initrd.img and vmlinuz to somewhere where you can easily access it. For me it was the NTFS formatted part of the USB stick.
    - In my case the files were: initrd.img-4.9.0-kali4-amd64 and vmlinuz-4.9.0-kali4-amd64
    - Shut down Kali, fire up windows.
    - On your live USB drive (The 3G with FAT32), copy both files to \live\ and rename them to initrd.img and vmlinuz (cut the version numbers). You may want to move the old ones to a backup location.
    - Thats it, now grub uses the freshly generated kernel and boots up using that.
    - Verify by enjoying type cover support and doing a
    Code:
    root@kali:~# uname -a
    Linux kali 4.9.0-kali4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.9.30-2kali1 (2017-06-22) x86_64 GNU/Linux
    Enjoy,
    Cheerio.
    Last edited by wongdong; 2017-07-19 at 13:35. Reason: Extended the description

  4. #4
    Join Date
    2016-Oct
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    Quote Originally Posted by wongdong View Post
    Hi.

    I fiddled around with kali on my Surface pro 4 the last 2 days and I have it aaaalmost where i need it:
    - Kali 2017 from USB with EFI boot working
    - Persistence working
    - Type Cover working

    Since i plan to use it for teaching wifi security, I also need a monitor-mode capable wifi card/driver. I think the integrated just does not do it.
    Anyone interested in the steps? You can google it if you have time but I can give you a step-by-step guide on what kept me busy.

    Cheerio.
    If you have self tested working solutions on how to do that step by step create a thread in this section Community-Generated-How-tos and post your solution. People prefer to search for solutions than asking it.

  5. #5
    Join Date
    2017-Jul
    Location
    Vienna
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    5
    Oh, i just updated the post now.
    Feel free to move it as you see fit. But i guess it fits best here, doesn't it? And this site is already indexed by google, so i guess people will find it here.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    2016-Oct
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    Quote Originally Posted by wongdong View Post
    Oh, i just updated the post now.
    Feel free to move it as you see fit. But i guess it fits best here, doesn't it? And this site is already indexed by google, so i guess people will find it here.
    Your kali install with EFI guide is old. It is valid for kali 2016.2 but new kali 2017.1 fully supports UEFI. Just creating kali 2017.1 bootable USB is enough to install it.

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