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Thread: Packet Injection failure with Alfa AWUS051NHv2 (RT3572 chipset, driver rt2800usb)

  1. #1
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    May 2017
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    1

    Packet Injection failure with Alfa AWUS051NHv2 (RT3572 chipset, driver rt2800usb)

    Alfa card has no problems entering monitor mode, but packet injection fails every time. From what I've read the chipset and driver are supposed to be supported, and I've seen other users post successful injections with the same chipset. I have found a similar thread, and tried to follow the advice there, but no luck. That thread was specific to a VM-deployment of Kali, so I decided to open a new one as I am running Kali off a Raspberry Pi 3. None of the suggestions I've tried have worked. At this point I'm out of ideas. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

    Essential Info:
    Version: Kali 4.4.50-v7 #1, armv71
    Hardware: Raspberry Pi 3 (B); 32gb microSD card
    Wireless Card:Alfa AWUS051NH v.2, RT3572 chipset, driver rt2800usb

    Outputs:
    iwconfig:
    Code:
    wlan0     IEEE 802.11bgn  ESSID:off/any
              Mode:Managed  Access Point: Not-Associated
              Retry short limit:7   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
              Encryption key:off
              Power Management:on
    
    lo        no wireless extensions.
    
    wlan1mon  IEEE 802.11abgn  Mode:Monitor  Frequency:2.432 GHz  Tx-Power=20 dBm
              Retry short limit:7   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
              Power Management:off
    
    eth0      no wireless extensions.
    dmesg:
    Code:
    [    7.065426] Netfilter messages via NETLINK v0.30.
    [    7.469516] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): eth0: link is not ready
    [    7.501248] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [    7.548614] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ERROR: netdev:wlan0 already exists
    [    7.555335] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ignore IF event
    [    7.567139] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [    7.573855] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [    8.096695] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [    8.103982] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [    8.135969] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [    8.143132] ieee80211 phy1: rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Info - Loading firmware file 'rt2870.bin'
    [    8.158076] ieee80211 phy1: rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Info - Firmware detected - version: 0.36
    [    8.473284] smsc95xx 1-1.1:1.0 eth0: link up, 100Mbps, full-duplex, lpa 0xCDE1
    [    9.049593] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [    9.056565] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready
    [    9.969564] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [   10.422377] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ERROR: netdev:wlan0 already exists
    [   10.429244] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ignore IF event
    [   10.437472] brcmfmac: brcmf_p2p_create_p2pdev: set p2p_disc error
    [   10.455890] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [   10.475935] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [  138.363000] device wlan1mon entered promiscuous mode
    [  436.923926] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [  436.930632] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [  436.930703] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [  437.447614] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [  437.447640] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [  437.472586] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [  438.357324] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [  439.247298] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [  439.699940] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ERROR: netdev:wlan0 already exists
    [  439.699980] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ignore IF event
    [  439.702259] brcmfmac: brcmf_p2p_create_p2pdev: set p2p_disc error
    [  439.737066] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [  439.760464] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [  782.577494] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [  782.577525] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [  787.967283] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 1098.537559] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 1098.537721] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 1103.965704] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 1414.557770] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 1414.557797] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 1419.956592] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 1730.536608] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 1730.536638] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 1735.955383] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 2046.556447] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 2046.556540] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 2051.963949] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 2362.556618] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 2362.556647] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 2367.955327] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 2678.587162] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 2678.587187] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 2683.965016] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 2994.585223] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 2994.585287] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 2999.934845] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 3310.585220] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 3310.585394] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 3315.933562] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 3626.583193] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 3626.583218] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 3631.942176] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 3942.582069] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 3942.582149] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 3947.930817] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 4258.585005] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 4258.585068] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 4263.933857] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 4574.587442] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 4574.587502] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 4579.917379] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    [ 4890.559066] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
    [ 4890.559126] brcmfmac: power management disabled
    [ 4895.928342] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan1: link is not ready
    Airmon, Airodump, Aireplay:
    Code:
    root@kali:~# airmon-ng check kill
    
    Killing these processes:
    
      PID Name
     1471 wpa_supplicant
     1473 dhclient
    
    root@kali:~# airmon-ng start wlan1
    
    
    PHY     Interface       Driver          Chipset
    
    phy0    wlan0           ??????          Broadcom 43430
    phy1    wlan1           rt2800usb     Ralink Technology, Corp. RT3572
    
                    (mac80211 monitor mode vif enabled for [phy1]wlan1 on [phy1]wlan1mon)
                    (mac80211 station mode vif disabled for [phy1]wlan1)
    
    root@kali:~# aireplay-ng --test wlan1mon
    21:34:28  Trying broadcast probe requests...
    21:34:30  No Answer...
    21:34:30  Found 0 APs
    
    root@kali:~# airodump-ng wlan1mon
    
    
     CH  4 ][ Elapsed: 33 s ][ 2017-05-14 21:35
    
     BSSID              PWR  Beacons    #Data, #/s  CH  MB   ENC  CIPHER AUTH ESSID
    
     OMIT              -11       36       25    0   6  54e. WPA2 CCMP   PSK  <length:  0>
     OMIT              -49       24       54    0   1  54e  WPA2 CCMP   PSK  OMIT
     OMIT              -62       17       11    0  11  54 . WPA2 CCMP   PSK  OMIT
     OMIT              -70       16        1    0   1  54e  WPA2 CCMP   PSK  OMIT
     OMIT              -71       17        1    0   6  54e  WPA2 CCMP   PSK  OMIT
     OMIT              -75       15       11    0   1  54e  WPA2 CCMP   PSK  OMIT
     OMIT              -77        2        0    0   1  54e  WPA2 CCMP   PSK  OMIT
     OMIT              -77       17       31    0   6  54e  WPA2 CCMP   PSK  OMIT
     OMIT              -78       20        0    0   2  54 . WPA2 CCMP   PSK  OMIT
     OMIT              -80        2        0    0  11  54e. WPA2 CCMP   PSK  OMIT
    
     BSSID              STATION            PWR   Rate    Lost    Frames  Probe
    
     (not associated)   OMIT               -38    0 - 1      0        3  OMIT
    
    root@kali:~# aireplay-ng --test wlan1mon
    21:39:09  Trying broadcast probe requests...
    21:39:11  No Answer...
    21:39:11  Found 5 APs
    
    21:39:11  Trying directed probe requests...
    21:39:11  OMIT - channel: 11 - 'OMIT'
    21:39:17   0/30:   0%
    
    21:39:17  OMIT - channel: 11 - 'OMIT'
    21:39:23   0/30:   0%
    
    21:39:23  OMIT - channel: 6 - 'OMIT'
    21:39:29   0/30:   0%
    
    21:39:29  OMIT - channel: 6 - 'OMIT'
    21:39:35   0/30:   0%
    
    21:39:35  OMIT - channel: 6 - ''
    21:39:41   0/30:   0%
    Relevant Links:

    1) Related thread on Kali Forums - Attempted several suggestion from this page, but nothing worked. The last poster had what I thought was the best suggestion I've seen so far:

    I also downloaded drivers from Alpha for Linux. In firmware zip is rt2870.bin, renamed /lib/firmware/rt2870.bin (from instalation and updated via apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y followed by apt-get distro-upgrade) to /lib/firmware/rt2870.bin.old I then copied the rt2870.bin from Alpha website to /var/firmware. Restarted box shutdown -r now. Now everything works as intendted so far.
    However this still did not solve my problem.

    2) Kali Bugs - This card has a known issue with injection over 5ghz networks, but that isn't my problem here. Still I linked this in case anyone wiser than I may find it helpful.

    Again, thanks very much for any assistance (and for reading this, I know it was a lot).

  2. #2
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    May 2017
    Posts
    1
    I have the same configuration (raspberry PI3+kali kali 4.4.50-v7) and the same problem.
    root@kali:~# aireplay-ng -9 wlan1mon
    16:39:32 Trying broadcast probe requests...
    16:39:34 No Answer...
    ...

    Have anyone resolved this problem?

  3. #3
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Sep 2013
    Posts
    262
    You should update your system,
    I guess you are using one of this kernels that provoke this bug that was known to happen some time ago.
    No injection with rt2800usb and it was unable to detect the client connected to the PA.
    With an updated system
    Code:
    uname -a
    Linux kalimuX0 4.9.0-kali4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.9.25-1kali1 (2017-05-04) x86_64 GNU/Linux
    it works out of the box
    Attached Images Attached Images

  4. #4
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Nov 2015
    Location
    Australia
    Posts
    101

    Lightbulb

    The new "testing" release of the re4son-kernel for Raspberry Pi fixes that issue.

    Improvements:
    ------------------
    Kernel: Bump to 4.9 for better RPi HW support
    Bluetooth: Upgraded to bluez 5.39. It's fast and rock solid
    WiFi injection: Full support for Alfa AWUS051NH v2

    Issues:
    ---------
    TFT touch displays from 4D-Systems not yet supported. Stick with the old kernel if you have one of those.

    Installation:
    --------------
    Code:
    sudo bash
    mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot
    cd /usr/local/src
    wget -O re4son_kali-pi_kernel_testing.tar.xz https://whitedome.com.au/re4son/downloads/11335/
    tar -xJf re4son_kali-pi_kernel_testing.tar.xz
    cd re4son_kali-pi_kernel_4*
    ./install
    Please let me know how you go.

    Happy hacking,
    Re4son
    ----------------------------------------
    Check out "Sticky Fingers Kali-Pi":
    https://whitedome.com.au/kali-pi

    Now with mana-toolkit and more goodies!

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